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AP Human Geography

Flash cards (19)

British Received Pronunciation

Definition: The dialect of English associated With upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom

Example: BRP is spoken by the Queen of England

Application: A means of identifying a member of the upper-class in England

Creole or Creolized Language

Definition: A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer"s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.

Example: French Creole in Haiti--Very different than the French spoken in France

Application: Creoles show the diffusion of one language into another, which gives insight as to the history of that country.


Definition: combination of German and English.

Example: Telephone Company in Germany incorporating English into their words for local and long distance call

Application: The existence of Denglish shows the impact that English as a language has made on the world(in this case, Germany)


Definition: A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation

Example: BRP

Application: Dialects of a language are representatives of unique culture, which is important


Definition: Dialect spoken by some African Americans

Example: Ebony and Phonics "She be at Home"

Application: Ebonics is an important piece of the past of America because of the Clash between our standard language and itself


Definition: A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language, a combination of franfais and anglai." the French words for "French" and "English," respectively.

Example: Diffusion of english words such as "jeans", "cowboy", etc into the French Language

Application: Franglais is VERY frowned upon--French is all about the purity of the language and the French block out all English so that the language remains pure.


Definition: The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.

Example: 您好老師 (hello teacher)

Application: Entirely different from the English alphabet where we have sounds--SOUNDS VS IDEAS


Definition: A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate

Example: Ireland and England-Same language, different dialect

Application: Isoglosses not only separate dialects, but also cultures.

Isolated Language

Definition: A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.

Example: Japanese

Application: An Isolated Language shows unique culture as well as gives insight as to how much interaction it has/had with other countries


Definition: A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.

Example: English

Application: Language allows for communication between humans, something necessary for development/progress

Language Branch

Definition: A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.

Example: Germanic Branch of Indo-European

Application: Shows the spread of language through history. Indo European-->8 different branches-->Languages--> Dialects

Language Family

Definition: A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.

Example: Indo-European Family

Application: Shows the spread of language through history. Indo European-->8 different branches-->Languages--> Dialects

Lingua Franca

Definition: A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages

Example: ENGLISH

Application: English, being the Lingua Franca, is the most important language in the world because the majority of trade conducted is done in English

Literary Tradition

Definition: A language that is written as well as spoken

Example: English with Roman Alphabet

Application: Having a literary tradition(as most countries do) shows a certain degree of development

Official Language

Definition: The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.

Example: English in England

Application: Having an official language typically (not always) unifies a country and spurs on patriotism