There are lots of unique forms of health masks available and are used by many different medical professionals. Other uses include protecting the respiratory system from chemical irritants and contaminants, reducing exposure to dangerous agents, preventing damage to the eyes, skin, and nasal cavities and helping to protect the skin from burns and abrasions.
The many diverse materials used to make medical masks range from latex to silicon. However, while they are resistant to infections and contaminants, latex masks can deteriorate and may not provide adequate ventilation or are too thin. While they are more durable than many other kinds of health mask materials, they aren't ideal for long periods of use.
Polystyrene, also known as Styrofoam or High-Density Silicon, is a fairly new type of health mask material. This type of mask is similar to a plastic container, which is generally produced from a high density foam which has an airtight seal when filled with medical waste and placed inside the hospital.
Styrofoam is typically thick enough to prevent bacteria from entering the individual 's respiratory system and is designed in such a way that air can be pumped through the mask quickly. Because it's not thick, it's also able to move around freely, keeping the nose clean and the mouth dry and preventing contamination from the patient's sneezing, coughing or breathing heavily. They are more expensive than other medical mask materials but have proven to be an effective option for hospital employees.
Silicone is a natural product and therefore will not degrade over time like other materials. It has a water-resistant covering and can be easily molded into any shape or form, making it very versatile. for use in medical environments. However, it's not as easily cleaned as other materials and requires frequent replacement or professional cleaning.
Since these masks are intended for use by healthcare workers, they should be cleaned and disinfected on a regular basis to keep the patient and staff protected. This should be done by a trained professional using antibacterial solutions, which is typically included in any equipment purchased by the hospital or medical facility.
Cleaning is simple since the substances are nonporous and there are no chemicals used to wash them. In cases of excessive wear, like in the case of prolonged hospital work hours, it's important to clean the mask often to avoid contamination and ensure a fresh infection-free atmosphere.
To disinfect the mask, sanitizer solutions should be poured into a spray bottle and allowed to soak into the foam. The solution should then be allowed to sit for 30 minutes, so it doesn't soak in the mask but rather to the skin beneath. After the sanitizer has been implemented, it's important to rinse off the mask completely with clean water to remove any remaining sanitizer.
Cleaning masks at the hospital can be a pain for the staff members, but if done properly can prevent infections and reduce costs by protecting the staff and patients from contaminants that could infect them. Even a simple solution of one cup of bleach diluted in two quarts of water is enough to effectively disinfect and sterilize the mask, preventing it from spreading germs and potentially causing a severe infection.
Although sanitizing is quite important other than the obvious reason of preventing contamination, the mask itself may also need sanitizing to remove food, drink or other material that may get into the air during use. For example, if there are patients that are in and out of the space during the course of this day, the mask may frequently become contaminated during their use. Cleaning this region of the mask using a bleach solution gives a clean-air area that prevents contamination and allows the air to flow freely. Bleach solutions can also be used to sanitize tools and instruments in the room, as well as clean up droppings from staff and patients.